After the Brexit vote: what happens next?

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Theresa May’s Brexit plans are due to be put to the Commons this week following a five-day debate in Westminster.

The vote had been scheduled to take place in December but was called off at the 11th hour with Government victory looking unlikely.

MPs continue to be divided on the plans, with a number of pro-Remainers calling for Mrs May’s deal to be voted down, and some ardent Leavers pushing for the same result to ensure a no-deal Brexit.

The simplest outcome to plot comes if the Government wins the vote on the Withdrawal Agreement.

In this instance, the UK would leave the European Union on March 29.

But should Mrs May’s deal be voted down, then a whole host of scenarios could play out.

An amendment passed by Parliament means that the Government must come back with its Plan B three days following the vote.

The prospect of Labour putting forward a vote of no confidence in Mrs May has been mooted and a general election could take place should the Government lose.

The Government could also ask for an extension to Article 50 – which would have to be agreed by the remaining 27 members of the bloc – either from the current Government or in the instance that a new Prime Minister was appointed either following a vote of no confidence or should Mrs May resign.

Should the EU not agree to a postponing of Brexit then the UK would leave the EU without a deal on March 29. Any incoming Prime Minister could also agree that the UK would be best served by trading on World Trade Organisation terms.

The big unknown is if the EU agrees to an extension of Article 50 and there is the potential for negotiations to be reopened.

This Plan B could include discussion about a free trade agreement, customs union, membership of the single market and even a second referendum on the deal.

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