Royal christenings: Cake, boisterous toddlers and holy water

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As the Duke and Duchess of Sussex prepare for Archie’s christening, here is a look at what goes on at royal baptisms:

Wedding cake

The top tier of a royal wedding cake is traditionally set aside for royal christenings, just like William and Kate did with their seven tier fruit cake.

But Harry and Meghan chose a layered lemon and elderflower sponge cake, decorated with fresh buttercream, by Claire Ptak of the Violet Bakery, for their wedding reception.

Royal wedding
Harry and Meghan’s wedding cake (Steve Parsons/PA)

The duke and duchess may have decided instead to call on Ms Ptak to make a new cake for Archie’s big day – or could turn to palace chefs as they entertain their christening guests at a reception afterwards.

Royal Wedding preparations
Claire Ptak, owner of Violet Bakery in Hackney, east London, whilst making the couple’s wedding cake (Hannah McKay/PA)

Prince Harry's christening
Prince Harry with his mother, father and grandfathers the Duke of Edinburgh and Earl Spencer following his christening in 1984 (PA)

– William’s mischief 

Boisterous toddler Prince William was only two-and-a-half at his brother’s christening.

He charged around with cousins Peter and Zara Phillips, running between the guests as they chatted in the castle afterwards, before taking centre stage in the official photos.

– Harry’s godparents

The duke’s six godparents were named as his uncle the Duke of York, the Queen’s niece Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones (now Lady Sarah Chatto), Lady Vestey, Diana’s former flatmate Carolyn Bartholomew, the artist Bryan Organ, and Gerald Ward, who was a close friend of Charles.

Andrew and Harry
Andrew is one of Harry’s godfathers (PA)

Ted Hughes
Poet Laureate Ted Hughes receiving the insignia of a Member of the Order of Merit from the Queen (Fiona Hanson/PA)

– Meghan’s recent baptism

Meghan was only christened and confirmed into the Christian faith just over a year ago.

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle visit Birmingham
Meghan Markle, now the Duchess of Sussex, wearing a bracelet featuring a cross at Millennium Point in Birmingham in the days following her baptism (Ian Vogler/Daily Mirror/PA)

Holy water was poured on the former Suits star’s head as part of the religious ritual, in front of a small number of guests including Harry and the Prince of Wales.

Meghan was seen wearing a bracelet featuring a cross just days later.

– Princess Charlotte

At Prince Louis’s christening, Princess Charlotte was taking no nonsense from the photographers outside the Chapel Royal.

Prince Louis' christening
Charlotte put the photographers in their place after Louis’s ceremony (Dominic Lipinski/PA)

– Godparents

Royal babies traditionally used to have kings and queens and other royals as godparents.

Prince Charles’s godparents in 1948 included King George VI, Queen Mary, Princess Margaret, the King of Norway and Prince George of Greece.

Christening of Prince Charles
Princess Elizabeth with her son, Prince Charles, and the Duke of Edinburgh joined by some the prince’s godparents including the Dowager Marchioness of Milford Haven, Queen Mary and King George VI (PA)

– Holy water

According to tradition, the water used for Archie’s service, conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury the Most Rev Justin Welby, will be holy water from the River Jordan, where it is said Jesus was baptised by John the Baptist.

Archbishop of Canterbury
Harry and Meghan during their wedding service, conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury (Owen Humphreys/PA)

Royal babies are also christened using the ornate silver gilt Lily Font – part of the Crown Jewels.

It is decorated with lilies and ivy foliage around the rim, features three cherubs around the base, and the main bowl is a large lily bloom.

– Protecting reputations 

The font was specially commissioned by Queen Victoria to prevent her children being tarnished by association with the illegitimate offspring of Charles II, who were all born out of wedlock and christened using the previous font, the Charles II Font.

– The first public royal christening

Most christenings are private. Princess Eugenie was the first royal baby to have a public christening.

Princess Eugenie
The Duchess of York with their youngest daughter Princess Eugenie after her christening in Sandringham (Martin Keene/PA)

– Troublesome royals

Queen Victoria’s mother the Duchess of Kent broke down sobbing during her daughter’s christening in 1819 when a cantankerous Prince Regent, the future George IV, refused to allow her to name her daughter Georgiana and insisted she be called Alexandrina Victoria instead in honour of the Russian Tsar Alexander I.

At the christening of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Princess Alice, in 1843, the Queen’s uncle, Ernest, King of Hanover, arrived late, behaved rudely and made a public fuss in a dispute with Victoria over the ownership of certain royal jewels.

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