Here are some of the famous names mentioned in the latest report from the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, which identified a string of failings and cover-ups within Westminster and beyond, dating back decades.
– Sir Cyril Smith
The rotund former Rochdale MP died in 2010, prompting a slew of allegations that he had abused children for decades.
The inquiry heard evidence from Westminster insiders that his criminal behaviour was known, or at least that he was rumoured to be active in his sexual interest in children, but was protected from prosecution in a number of ways.
A retired police officer told the inquiry that his team had enough evidence to prosecute Liberal MP Smith in the 1970s for his involvement in sexual activity with young boys, but that progress of that investigation was thwarted by senior officers at the time, who claimed that it was “too political”.
He later confirmed to at least one witness that stories in the Rochdale Alternative Paper and Private Eye were “correct”.
– Sir Peter Morrison
The Chester MP until 1992 held a number of posts within Margaret Thatcher’s government, though it was said he was known to like “little boys”.
In the late 1980s an allegation arose that Morrison had been removed by police officers from a train in Crewe for sexually molesting a 15-year-old boy.
Despite the seriousness of the rumours and the alleged incident on the train, no one considered the potential fate of children – the inquiry said “the focus of attention remained unswervingly on political consequences rather than the welfare of the child”, and Tory Morrison’s career was undamaged.
He died in 1995.
– Victor Montagu
The 10th Earl of Sandwich and former South Dorset MP was let off with a caution after a “simple” 10-year-old boy alleged he had been indecently assaulted by the Tory.
Montagu broadly agreed but denied the relationship was sexual.
The inquiry found that “significant leeway was given to Montagu” as a well-known aristocratic landowner, and that “a patronising attitude was shown by the police and the Director of Public Prosecutions’ office towards a working-class victim”.
Montagu’s son Robert, who was repeatedly sexually abused by his father, said the decision not to prosecute was “entirely wrong”.
Montagu died in 1995.
– Sir Peter Hayman
The former High Commissioner to Canada was a member of the Paedophile Information Exchange, a controversial organisation campaigning to legalise paedophilia in the late 1970s.
The inquiry found he was the beneficiary of “preferential, differential and unduly deferential treatment” over claims he sent obscene material in the post, following a meeting between his solicitor and the then-director of public prosecutions.
The diplomat was knighted in 1971, retired in 1974 and died in 1992.
– Aimee and David Challenor
The more recent case of the Challenors highlighted existing issues with a lack of safeguarding within political parties, the inquiry found.
It heard evidence that Green party candidate Aimee was able to appoint her father David to be her election agent in 2017, despite the fact he had been charged with 22 offences including rape.
She subsequently told two party communications officials via a message on Facebook, and did not mention they related to children, the inquiry heard.
He was later convicted and sentenced to 22 years’ imprisonment after being convicted of 20 counts.
– Margaret Thatcher and Norman Tebbit
The country’s first female prime minister from 1979 to 1990, Margaret Thatcher (later Baroness) was accused with ex-Conservative party chairman Norman (now Lord) Tebbit of being aware of rumours about her Parliamentary Private Secretary Morrison having “a penchant for small boys” but did nothing about it.
The report said the allegations “should have rung alarm bells in government”.
She died in 2013.
Speaking from his in Bury St Edmunds on Tuesday, Lord Tebbit said: “Since they choose to criticise me I will not comment on it, OK.”
– Carl Beech
The launch of the Met’s Operation Midland in 2014 saw dawn raids on the homes of the late Lord Bramall, the late Lord Brittan and former MP Harvey Proctor following a series of allegations by Carl Beech – known during court proceedings as “Nick” – which were later discredited.
– Tom Watson
The former deputy Labour party leader whose allegations kickstarted the inquiry.
It was during Prime Minister’s Questions in 2012 that Mr Watson, who is no longer an MP, claimed there was “clear intelligence suggesting a powerful paedophile network linked to Parliament and Number 10”.
The inquiry report also dismissed Mr Watson’s claims, stating: “Despite the Inquiry engaging in an extensive evidence-gathering process, we have seen no material indicating the existence of a Westminster ‘paedophile ring’.”