Caution has been urged ahead of a major easing of England’s lockdown which will allow pubs and restaurants to serve customers outside and hairdressers and non-essential shops to resume business.
Indoor gyms, swimming pools, nail salons and zoos will also reopen on Monday as lives take another step back towards normality.
However, social mixing indoors will remain heavily restricted, with around 40% of adults yet to receive their first dose of a Covid-19 vaccine.
Businesses and citizens eagerly anticipated the renewed freedoms, but any fanfare for the easing of restrictions has been somewhat muted by the national mourning for the Duke of Edinburgh.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson postponed his celebratory pint and Government communications have been pared back to just essential messages after Philip’s death on Friday at the age of 99.
Remaining school pupils will return to face-to-face teaching in Wales and Northern Ireland, moves being echoed in Scotland as pupils return from their Easter breaks.
The “stay at home” order in Northern Ireland will also end as the number of people permitted to meet outdoors rises from six to 10.
“The modelling, which is now pretty good, does show that we can expect some kind of rebound – it’s not clear exactly when or how big it will be, but there is, I think, inevitably going to be a bit of a rebound in the number of cases when things are relaxed.”
The University of Oxford academic said the vaccination programme will minimise the extent of hospital admissions and deaths but warned it will not be completely effective.
“Now the extent of it really depends on how well we comply with the ongoing restrictions so we really have to take this step by step,” he added.
“I think we can be joyful and enjoy the freedoms but we’ve still got to realise there’s still a large number of people who’ve not been infected or vaccinated and so they will be at risk.”
Executive director James Taylor said: “Nobody should be forced to choose between their life and their livelihood. Without proper protections in place for those most at risk, that’s exactly what’s going to happen.”
In England, pubs and restaurants have been making changes during lockdown to maximise their ability to serve customers outside.
But the British Beer and Pub Association estimates that just 40% of licensed premises have the space to reopen for outdoor service.
Domestic holidays can resume to an extent, with overnight stays permitted in self-contained accommodation, such as holiday lets and campsites where indoor facilities are not shared.
But these can only be used by members of the same household or support bubble.
People will not be allowed to visit each other’s homes, with socialising indoors continuing to be prohibited outside of support bubbles.
It will be the third in a series of easings since the third national lockdown was legally imposed in England on January 6.
After three months of full national lockdown, the Government said on Sunday that a further seven people had died in the UK within 28 days of a positive Covid-19 test. Another 1,730 lab-confirmed cases were also announced.
Around 61% of adults have received at least one dose of the vaccine, according to official figures suggesting that more than 32 million people have received a jab. More than 14% have had both doses.