A gunman has killed at 11 people after opening fire during a baby naming ceremony at a Pittsburgh synagogue.
At least six others were wounded, including four police officers who rushed to the scene.
Police said a suspect was in custody after the attack at the Tree of Life Congregation in the Squirrel Hill neighbourhood.
A law enforcement official identified the suspect as Robert Bowers and said he is in his 40s.
City officials said the shooting was being investigated as a federal hate crime.
The shooting also immediately reignited the longstanding national debate about guns with President Donald Trump saying synagogues and churches should have armed guards, while Pennsylvania’s Democratic governor said “dangerous weapons are putting our citizens in harm’s way.”
Wendell Hissrich, Pittsburgh public safety director, said: “It is a very horrific crime scene. It was one of the worst that I’ve seen. It is very bad.”
The attack took place during a baby naming ceremony, according to Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro.
It was unknown whether the baby was harmed in the attack.
The synagogue is located at the intersection of Wilkins and Shady avenues. The tree-lined residential area, about 10 minutes from downtown Pittsburgh, is the hub of Pittsburgh’s Jewish community.
Mr Trump called the shooting “far more devastating than anyone thought,” saying: “It’s a terrible thing what’s going on with hate in our country.”
He also said the outcome might have been different if the synagogue “had some kind of protection” from an armed guard and suggested that might be a good idea for all churches and synagogues.
Governor Tom Wolf called the shooting an “absolute tragedy” in a statement that made reference to calls for tighter gun control laws.
“We must all pray and hope for no more loss of life,” he said.
“But we have been saying ‘this one is too many’ for far too long. Dangerous weapons are putting our citizens in harm’s way.”
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he was “heartbroken and appalled” by the attack.
“The entire people of Israel grieve with the families of the dead,” he said.
“We stand together with the Jewish community of Pittsburgh. We stand together with the American people in the face of this horrendous anti-Semitic brutality. And we all pray for the speedy recovery of the wounded.”
World Jewish Congress President Ronald S Lauder called the shooting “an attack not just on the Jewish community, but on America as a whole”.
The synagogue is a fortress-like concrete building, its facade punctuated by rows of swirling, modernistic stained-glass windows illustrating the story of creation, the acceptance of God’s law, the “life cycle” and “how human-beings should care for the earth and one another”, according to its website.
Among its treasures is a “Holocaust Torah” rescued from Czechoslovakia.
Michael Eisenberg, the immediate past president of the Tree of Life Synagogue, lives about a block from the building.
He was getting ready for services when he received a phone call from a member who works with Pittsburgh’s Emergency Services, saying he had been notified through scanner and other communications there was an active shooter at their synagogue.
“I ran out of the house without changing and I saw the street blocked with police cars,” he said.
“It was a surreal scene. And someone yelled ‘Get out of here’. I realised it was a police officer along the side of the house.
“I am sure I know all of the people, all of the fatalities. I am just waiting to see.”
He said officials at the synagogue had not received any threats he knew of prior to the shooting.
The synagogue maintenance employees had recently checked all of the emergency exits and doors to make sure they were cleared and working.
He added: “I spoke to a maintenance person who was in the building and heard the shots. He was able to escape through one of the side exit doors we had made sure was functioning.”
Jeff Finkelstein of the Jewish Federation of Greater Pittsburgh said local synagogues have done “lots of training on things like active shooters, and we’ve looked at hardening facilities as much as possible”.
“This should not be happening, period,” he told reporters at the scene. “This should not be happening in a synagogue.”
“There is a story told in the Talmud of a wedding procession and a funeral procession heading along parallel roads, with the roads intersecting,” Mr Myers wrote on Wednesday.
“The question asked is: when they meet at the fork, which procession goes first, funeral or wedding? The correct answer is wedding, as the joy of the couple takes precedence. In fact, the funeral procession is to move out of sight so that their joy is not lessened.”
He ended the column with words that now seem all too prescient.
“We value joy so much in Judaism that upon taking our leave from a funeral or a shiva house, the customary statement one makes (in Yiddish) is ‘nor oyf simches’ – only for s’machot,” he wrote.
“While death is inevitable and a part of life, we still take our leave with the best possible blessing, to meet at joyous events. And so I say to you: nor oyf simches!”