Concerns about the coronavirus outbreak’s threat to the world economy are growing.
China’s manufacturing plunged in February by an even wider margin than expected after efforts to contain the strain of coronavirus known as Covid-19 shut down much of the world’s second-largest economy, an official survey showed.
The survey, coming as global stock markets fall sharply on fears that the virus will spread abroad, adds to mounting evidence of the vast cost of the disease that emerged in central China in December and its economic impact worldwide.
Many cases have been relatively mild, and some of those infected are believed to show no symptoms at all. Nonetheless, concern is mounting that prolonged quarantines, supply chain disruptions and a sharp reduction in tourism and business travel could weaken the global economy or even cause a recession.
The monthly purchasing managers’ index issued by the Chinese statistics agency and an industry group fell to 35.7 from January’s 50 on a 100-point scale on which numbers below 50 indicate activity contracting.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced a 270 billion yen (£1.95 billion) emergency economic package to help fight the virus. Mr Abe said at a news conference that Japan is at a critical juncture to determine whether the country can keep the outbreak under control ahead of the Tokyo summer Olympics.
Mr Abe said: “Frankly speaking, this battle cannot be won solely by the efforts of the government. We cannot do it without understanding and co-operation from every one of you, including medical institutions, families, companies and local governments.”
The death rate from Covid-19 was 1.4% in the latest report from Chinese health officials on 1,099 patients with confirmed disease at more than 500 hospitals throughout China.
The report, published by the New England Journal of Medicine, gives a much broader view of the outbreak beyond Wuhan, where it started and has been most severe.
That would make the new virus more like a severe seasonal flu than a disease similar to its genetic cousins Sars (severe acute respiratory syndrome), or Mers (Middle East respiratory syndrome).
Italian authorities say the country now has more than 1,000 coronavirus cases. The head of Italy’s civil protection agency told a press conference that the total number has reached 1,128. Officials also reported eight more deaths of people with the virus, to bring Italy’s total to 29.
Tourist arrivals in Thailand are down 50% compared with a year ago, and in Italy hotel bookings are falling and Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte raised the possibility of recession.
Despite anxieties about a wider outbreak in the US, President Donald Trump has defended measures taken and lashed out at Democrats who have questioned his handling of the threat.
At a political rally in North Charleston, South Carolina, Mr Trump asserted that Democratic complaints about his handling of the virus threat are “their new hoax”, echoing similar past complaints by the president about the Russia investigation and his impeachment.
Shortly before Mr Trump began to speak, health officials confirmed a second case of the virus in the US in a person who did not travel internationally or have close contact with anyone who had the virus.