North Korea fires missiles into sea

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North Korea has fired two presumed short-range ballistic missiles into its eastern sea, South Korean officials said, resuming weapons demonstrations after a hiatus that may have been forced by the coronavirus crisis in Asia.

The launches came two days after North Korea’s state media said leader Kim Jong Un supervised an artillery drill aimed at testing the combat readiness of units in front line and eastern areas.

South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)said the projectiles were fired from an area near the coastal town of Wonsan and flew about 240 kilometres (149 miles) north east on an apogee of about 35 kilometres (22 miles).

It said the South Korean and US militaries were jointly analysing the launches.

Virus Outbreak North Korea
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (Korean Central News Agency/AP)

North Korea is likely to have tested one of its new road-mobile, solid-fuel missile systems or a developmental “super large” multiple rocket launcher it repeatedly demonstrated last year, said Kim Dong-yub, an analyst from Seoul’s Institute for Far Eastern Studies.

Experts say such weapons can potentially overwhelm missile defence systems and expand the North’s ability to strike targets in South Korea and Japan, including US bases there.

Mr Kim had entered the new year vowing to bolster his nuclear deterrent in the face of “gangster-like” US sanctions and pressure, using a key ruling party meeting in late December to warn of “shocking” action over stalled nuclear negotiations with the Trump administration.

He also said North Korea would soon reveal a new “strategic weapon” and insisted the country was no longer “unilaterally bound” to a self-imposed suspension on the testing of nuclear and intercontinental ballistic missiles.

But Mr Kim did not explicitly lift the moratorium or give any clear indication that such tests were impending and seemed to leave the door open for eventual negotiations.

South Korea’s presidential office said national security director Chung Eui-yong discussed the launches with the South’s defence minister and spy chief, and that the officials expressed “strong concern” over the North’s resumption of testing activity, which could raise military tensions.

Japan said that it had not detected any projectile landing in its territory or its exclusive economic zone, and that no sea vessels or aircraft had been damaged.

People watch a TV screen showing a news programme reporting about North Korea’s firing of projectiles with a file image at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea
People at Seoul railway station watch a news programme about North Korea’s firing of projectiles (Lee Jin-man/AP)

The recent lull in North Korea’s launches had experts wondering whether the North was holding back its weapons displays while it was fighting the coronavirus, which state media has described as a matter of “national existence”.

Some analysts speculated that the North cut back training and other activities involving large gatherings of soldiers to reduce the possibility of the virus spreading within its military.

Mr Kim’s latest show of force is apparently aimed at boosting military morale, strengthening internal unity and showing that his country is doing fine despite outside worries of how the North would contend with an outbreak.

North Korea has in previous years intensified testing activity in response to springtime military exercises between South Korea and the United States that it has described as invasion rehearsals.

But the allies announced last week that they were postponing their annual drills due to concern about the coronavirus outbreak in South Korea, with soldiers from both countries being infected.

The launches were the latest setback for dovish South Korean President Moon Jae-in, who despite the North’s indifference has repeatedly pleaded for reviving inter-Korean engagement.

In a speech on Sunday marking the 101st anniversary of a major uprising against Japanese colonial rule, Mr Moon called for co-operation between the two Koreas to fight infectious diseases amid the Covid-19 outbreak in Asia.

Amid the deadlock in larger nuclear negotiations with the Trump administration, Mr Kim has suspended virtually all co-operation with South Korea in the past months while demanding that Seoul defy US-led international sanctions and restart inter-Korean economic projects that would jolt the North’s broken economy.

Virus Outbreak China
No cases of coronavirus have been reported from North Korea, though neighbouring China has been heavily affected (Andy Wong/AP)

North Korea has shut down nearly all cross-border traffic, banned tourists, intensified screening at entry points and mobilised tens of thousands of health workers to monitor residents and isolate those with symptoms.

South Korea last month withdrew dozens of officials from an inter-Korean liaison office in Kaesong after North Korea insisted on closing it until the epidemic is controlled.

Mr Kim and US President Donald Trump have met three times since embarking on their high-stakes nuclear diplomacy in 2018, but negotiations have faltered since their second summit in February last year in Vietnam, where the Americans rejected North Korean demands for major sanctions relief in exchange for a partial surrender of its nuclear capability.

Following the collapse in Hanoi, the North ended a 17-month pause in ballistic activity and conducted at least 13 rounds of weapons launches last year, using the standstill in talks to expand its military capabilities.

Those weapons included road-mobile, solid-fuel missiles designed to beat missile defence systems and a developmental mid-range missile that could eventually be launched from submarines, potentially strengthening the North’s ability to strike targets in South Korea and Japan, including US bases there.

In December, the North said it conducted two “crucial” tests at a long-range rocket facility that would strengthen its nuclear deterrent, prompting speculation that it is developing a new ICBM or preparing a satellite launch that would further advanced its long-range missile technology.

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