President Donald Trump has signed into law legislation that will devote nearly three billion US dollars annually to conservation projects, outdoor recreation and maintenance of national parks and other public lands.
The measure was overwhelmingly approved by Congress.
“There hasn’t been anything like this since Teddy Roosevelt, I suspect,” Mr Trump said about the 26th president, who created many national parks, forests and monuments to preserve the nation’s natural resources.
Supporters say the Great American Outdoors Act is the most significant conservation legislation enacted in nearly half a century.
Opponents counter that the money is not enough to cover the estimated 20 billion US dollar maintenance backlog on federally owned lands.
The law requires full, mandatory funding of the popular Land and Water Conservation Fund and addresses the maintenance backlog facing America’s national parks and public lands.
The law would spend about 900 million dollars a year, double current spending, on the conservation fund and another 1.9 billion US dollars per year on improvements at national parks, forests, wildlife refuges and range lands.
Supporters say the legislation will create at least 100,000 jobs, while restoring national parks and repairing trails and forest systems.
The park maintenance backlog has been a problem for decades, through Republican and Democratic administrations.
The House and the Senate cleared both bills by overwhelming bipartisan margins this summer.
Among the bills’ congressional champions are Republican senators Cory Gardner of Colorado and Steve Daines of Montana.
Daines and Gardner persuaded Mr Trump to support the legislation at a White House meeting this year, even though Mr Trump has repeatedly tried to slash spending for the Land and Water Conservation Fund in his budget proposals.
Ivanka Trump, the Republican president’s daughter and adviser, also supported the legislation.
The legislation’s opponents, mostly Republicans, complain it would not eliminate an estimated 20 billion US dollar maintenance backlog on 640 acres of federally owned lands.
The legislation authorises 9.5 billion US dollars for maintenance over five years.
Politicians from Gulf Coast states also complained that their states receive too small a share of revenue from offshore oil and gas drilling that is used to pay for the conservation fund.