Internet access restored as Myanmar coup protests grow

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Enthusiastic crowds of tens of thousands of people marched through the streets of Myanmar’s biggest city on Sunday in protest at last week’s coup, demanding a return to civilian government and the release of ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

Their spirits were lifted by the return of internet services that had been blocked a day earlier.

Separate protests that began in various parts of Yangon converged at Sule Pagoda, situated in the centre of a roundabout in the city centre.

Protesters chanted “Long live Mother Suu” and “Down with military dictatorship”.

Protesters hold images of deposed Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi and former president Win Myint outside the Hladen Centre in Yangon, Myanmar (Democratic Voice of Burma/AP)

On Sunday afternoon, however, internet users in Yangon reported that data access on their mobile phones had suddenly been restored.

The demonstrators are seeking to roll back last Monday’s seizure of power by the military and secure the release from detention of Ms Suu Kyi and other top figures from her National League for Democracy party.

The military has accused Ms Suu Kyi and her party of failing to act on its complaints that last November’s election was marred by fraud, though the electoral commission said it had found no evidence to support the claims.

The growing protests are a sharp reminder of the long and bloody struggle for democracy in a country that the military ruled directly for more than five decades before loosening of its grip in 2012.

Protesters flash the three-fingered salute as they march in Yangon, Myanmar (Democratic Voice of Burma/AP)

During Myanmar’s years of isolation under military rule, the golden-domed Sule Pagoda served as a rallying point for political protests calling for democracy, most notably during a massive 1988 uprising and again during a 2007 revolt led by Buddhist monks.

The military used deadly force to end both of those uprisings, with estimates of hundreds if not thousands killed in 1988.

While riot police have been sent to watch the protests this past week, soldiers have been absent and there have been no reports of clashes.

Showing little fear, protest crowds have grown bigger and bolder since Monday’s coup, while remaining non-violent in support of a call by Ms Suu Kyi’s party and its allies for civil disobedience.

In one of Sunday’s gatherings, at least 2,000 labour union and student activists and members of the public gathered at a major intersection near Yangon University.

They marched along a main road, causing traffic jams, as drivers honked their horns in support.

Riot police block the road in front of Yangon University (AP)

The protesters held placards calling for freedom for Ms Suu Kyi and President Win Myint, who were put under house arrest and charged with minor offences, seen by many as providing a legal veneer for their detention.

Reports on social media and by some Myanmar news services said demonstrations were taking place in other parts of the country as well, with a particularly large crowd in the central city of Mandalay.

Saturday had seen the size of street protests grow from the hundreds to the thousands, but it also saw the authorities cut most access to the internet.

Holes in the military’s firewall allowed some news to trickle out, but also fanned fears of a complete information blackout.

Social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter were earlier ordered to be blocked, but had remained partially accessible.

Police fix barricades blocking protesters in Yangon (AP)

Netblocks, a London-based service that tracks internet disruptions and shutdowns, confirmed that there had been a partial restoration of internet connectivity on Sunday, but noted that it might be temporary and social media remined blocked.

The communication blockade was a stark reminder of the progress Myanmar is in danger of losing. During the country’s decades of military rule, it was internationally isolated and communication with the outside world strictly controlled.

The elected politicians of Ms Suu Kyi’s party met online on Friday to declare themselves the sole legitimate representatives of the people and asked for international recognition as the country’s government.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres pledged the United Nations will do everything it can to unite the international community and create conditions to reverse the coup.

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