Ugandan lawmakers have passed a Bill setting out jail terms of up to 10 years for offences related to same-sex relationships, responding to popular sentiment but piling more pressure on the East African country’s LGBTQ community.
The Bill was passed late on Tuesday inside a packed parliamentary chamber, and after a roll call ordered by the House speaker, who had repeatedly warned it was necessary to identify those who might oppose the legislation. It was supported by nearly all of the 389 legislators present.
Speaker Anita Among said: “Congratulations. Whatever we are doing, we are doing it for the people of Uganda.”
An earlier version of the Bill enacted in 2014 was later nullified by a court on procedural grounds.
The legislation now will go to President Yoweri Museveni, who can veto or sign it into law. He suggested in a recent speech that he supported the Bill, accusing unnamed western nations of “trying to impose their practices on other people”.
The Bill was introduced last month by an opposition lawmaker who said his goal was to punish “promotion, recruitment and funding” related to LGBTQ activities.
It creates the offence of “aggravated homosexuality”, which applies in cases of sex relations involving those infected with HIV as well as minors and other categories of vulnerable people.
It was not immediately clear what the punishment was for that offence following last-minute amendments in a protracted plenary session in the capital, Kampala.
Same-sex activity is already punishable with life imprisonment under a colonial-era law targeting “carnal knowledge against the order of nature”, partly the basis of a report by dissenters on the parliamentary committee that vetted the Bill before Tuesday’s vote.
The Bill was “ill-conceived” and unconstitutional because it “criminalises individuals instead of conduct”, lawmaker Fox Odoi, representing the dissenters, said.
If signed into law, the Bill “would violate multiple fundamental rights, including rights to freedom of expression and association, privacy, equality, and non-discrimination, according to Human Rights Watch.
“Ugandan politicians should focus on passing laws that protect vulnerable minorities and affirm fundamental rights and stop targeting LGBT people for political capital.”
Uganda’s LGBTQ community has faced pressure from civilian authorities in recent years who wanted a tough new law punishing same-sex activity.
The Ugandan agency overseeing the work of NGOs last year stopped the operations of Sexual Minorities Uganda, the most prominent LGBTQ organization in the country, accusing it of failing to register legally. But the group’s leader stated that his organisation had been rejected by the registrar of companies as undesirable.
The recent decision of the Church of England to bless civil marriages of same-sex couples also has inflamed many, including some who see homosexuality as imported from abroad.
“The Church of England has departed from the Anglican faith and are now false teachers,” Ugandan Archbishop Stephen Kaziimba said in a statement last month that described “a crisis at hand”.
Homosexuality is criminalised in more than 30 of Africa’s 54 countries.